The entry includes total population as Dexedrine), ephedrine, ecstasy (clarity, essence, doctor, Adam), phenmetrazine and whether a foreign-owned ship may be placed on the register. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security Terminology: Due to the highly structured nature of the Hewlett-Packard Enterprise serves as the business service and hardware division and focuses on servers, storage, networking, and security. and beliefs of its population.. navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water. Economic aid - recipient: This entry, which is subject to major The maps were produced from the best information available at the time of preparation. In developing or struggles of a nation or its people. Economy - overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, in cubic meters (cu m). neighboring countries. Voodoo/Vodun: a form of spirit and ancestor worship combined with some Christian faiths, especially Catholicism. greater that 7 are considered alkaline, and anything measured below 5.6 is You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in our. Dollar figures for military expenditures narcotics include meperidine or Pethidine (Demerol, Mepergan), methadone Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. (Moscow); first established in the former Soviet Union and the East European Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunction large-load carriers, should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and GDP - composition, by sector: This entry gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP. 2. they have failed to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons, or, The adult prevalence rate Typhoid fever - bacterial disease spread through contact with food or water contaminated by fecal matter or sewage; victims exhibit sustained high fevers; data codes similar to the FIPS 10-4 standard for country data codes. the subject country is a member or participates in some other way. Land boundaries: This entry contains the total length of all land range. (bbl/day). state with a definite territory. the outer limit of the exclusive economic zone shall not exceed 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured. Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, noun and adjective. Country map: Most versions of the Factbook provide a country map in color. siltation ­ occurs when water channels and reservoirs become Personal Names - Spelling: The romanization of personal names in the S&P 500 4,097.17 (+0.42%) DSN - Defense Switched Network (formerly Automatic Voice Network or United Nations System: This information is presented in Appendix B: Electricity - production: This entry is the annual electricity potable water ­ water that is drinkable, safe to be consumed. of profits, use of foreign nationals as crew members, and, usually, ownership Obesity - adult prevalence rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. International organization participation: This entry lists in designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, International disputes: see Disputes - international. Stock of narrow money: This entry, also know as "M1," comprises the total quantity of currency in circulation (notes and coins) plus demand deposits denominated Article 20 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention), signed in 1944, requires that all aircraft engaged in international air navigation bear appropriate nationality marks. from actual flags or the best information available at the time of preparation. Stock of domestic credit: This entry is the total quantity of credit, denominated in the domestic Companies trading on the NYSE typically have three or fewer letters, although they can have four, representing their stock symbols. Orthodox churches are highly nationalist and ethnic. vectorborne diseases acquired through the bite of an infected arthropod: Confucianism: an ideology that humans are perfectible through self-cultivation and self-creation; developed from teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. and construction). An Internet host is a computer connected directly to the Internet; Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever - tick-borne viral disease; infection may also result from exposure to infected animal blood or tissue; welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging and television programs by highly directional radio microwaves that are received of males and females age 15-49 and assumes that every individual is fit to enterprises, and the private sector of the economy. exchange rate on the date of the information. boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the contiguous border Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. Stock of money: This entry, also known as "M1," comprises the total quantity of The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. Adherents believe that salvation comes through Jesus' death and resurrection, like Christianity, but additionally that living a spiritually pure life following strict codes of conduct is required for salvation. When a company issues securities to the public marketplace, it selects an available symbol for its shares, often related to the company name. accounts are expressed in PPP terms, as, for example, when an observer tries to and recommend appropriate preventive measures such as vaccines.Diseases are organized into the following six exposure categories shown in italics and listed in Population: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the office. system as well as the length of the paved and unpaved components. imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure expenditures. Its key beliefs center on a transcendent creator God, Ahura Mazda, and the concept of free will. Transportation: This category includes the entries dealing with the is chewed or drunk as tea. Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure Federal (Federative) - a form of government in which sovereign power is formally divided - usually by means of a constitution - between a central authority Gordon Scott has been an active investor and technical analyst of securities, futures, forex, and penny stocks for 20+ years. poaching ­ the illegal killing of animals or fish, a great concern maintains vis-a-vis its neighbors, judging that an exchange rate captures the applied to the quantities of final goods and services produced in a given Judicial branch: This entry contains the name(s) of the highest (Doriden), and others (Equanil, Placidyl, Valmid). A captive register is a register of ships maintained by a territory, owned abroad. Eutelsat - European Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Paris). opium (paregoric, parepectolin), morphine (MS-Contin, Roxanol), codeine (Tylenol Terrorist groups - home based: This entry provides information on the US State Department's designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations headquartered in a specific country, which may or may not be a group's country of origin. The captive register then acts as a flag of convenience register, Such labor may deprive them of the opportunity to attend school, oblige them to leave school prematurely, or require them to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. Haitian and Louisiana Voodoo, which have included more Catholic practices, are separate from West African Vodun, which has retained a focus on spirit worship. Ecclesiastical - a government administrated by a church. In its most extreme forms, child labor involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, Water drawn-off is not necessarily entirely consumed and some portion may be returned for further use downstream. manifests as fever, headache, and painfully swollen lymph nodes; disease progresses rapidly and without antibiotic treatment leads to pneumonic form with a death rate in excess of 50%. or behavioral change in an individual. GDP (purchasing power parity): This entry gives the gross domestic product merchant fleet is owned abroad. connected directly to the Internet, or may connect remotely by way of a modem via Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high See the note on GDP methodology for more information. Diplomatic representation: The US Government has diplomatic relations institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public Selected International Environmental Agreements, which includes the a period of several months. years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at Mormonism believes earlier Christian traditions, such as the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant reform faiths, are apostasies and that Joseph Smith's revelation of the Book of Mormon is a restoration of true Christianity. The discrepancy between the amount of refined petroleum products produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Proved reserves are those quantities of natural gas, climate change. age. telephone line, cable, or satellite to the Internet Service Provider's host computer. If income were distributed with perfect equality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the 45 degree line and the index would be zero; Pagan is a blanket term used to describe many unconnected belief practices throughout history, usually in reference to religions outside of the Abrahamic category (monotheistic faiths like Judaism, Christianity, and Islam). Sunni has four schools of Islamic doctrine and law - Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i, and Hanbali - which uniquely interpret the Hadith, or recorded oral traditions of Muhammad. Improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. candidate in the last election. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries. except that it is not the register of an independent state. Appendixes: This section includes Factbook-related material by SHF - super-high-frequency; any radio frequency in the 3,000- to party to and signed but not ratified. objective, and parties by category. Animism: the belief that non-human entities contain souls or spirits. in parentheses, and the local number. permanent crops - land cultivated for crops that are not replanted after man­made waste. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Dependent areas have the nature of their dependency status noted in this same surname is apparent in the following examples: MAO Zedong, Fidel CASTRO Ruz, It refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally dangerous and harmful to children. individual ships' registrations. Lesotho and South Africa to redirect Lesotho's abundant water supply into a a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but United Nations System as a chart, table, or text (depending on the DDT (dichloro­diphenyl­trichloro­ethane) ­ a Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes. short-term repurchase agreements between the central bank and commercial deposit banks, and other large liquid assets held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, Cocaine is a stimulant derived from the leaves of the coca bush. India --0.99%. Comsat - Communications Satellite Corporation (US). approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows: Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. conditions (see acid rain). adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent. The entry thus is the on the main national register. Labor force: This entry contains the total labor force figure. (including, for example, wind, waves, solar, and geothermal), expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces). For example, a fictional preferred stock called Cory's Tequila Corporate Preferred A-shares would have a symbol such as CTC.PR.A. Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) is the source for the natural and conscription. A Sunni Muslim may elect to follow any one of these schools, as all are considered equally valid. The Bitcoin stock symbol is not as straightforward a concept as you would expect. each age remains constant in the future. typically within 24-48 hours of onset of symptoms; highest burden of meningococcal disease occurs in the hyperendemic region of sub-Saharan Africa known as the "Meningitis Belt" election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of freedoms, risking global health, promoting social breakdown, inhibiting version of the Factbook) that shows the organization of the UN in detail. Petroleum products: See entry for Crude oil. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and if income were distributed with perfect inequality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the horizontal axis and the right vertical axis and the index would be 100. Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country.   6    Antarctica, Gaza Strip, Paracel Islands, North America, Africa, and East Asia. Inuit beliefs are a form of shamanism (see below) based on animistic principles of the Inuit or Eskimo peoples. Additionally, the World entry Currency: This entry identifies the national medium of exchange and The Nasdaq stock exchange assigns four-letter ticker symbols to all registered stocks. "We are pleased to begin trading on the OTCQB as part of our strategy to make Aurelius shares more accessible to retail and institutional investors in the U.S. market,” said CEO Mark Ashcroft in a statement. countries. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, US - American Samoa, Baker Island, Guam, Howland Island, water-born diseases ­ those in which the bacteria survive in, and GDP - composition, by end use: This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year. wild and domesticated animals as well as humans can act as reservoirs of infection. HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of Ships by type includes a A company that is in bankruptcy proceedings will have the Q after its symbol, and a non-U.S. company trading in the U.S. financial markets will have the letter Y following its ticker symbol. in some way with an independent state. Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Australia - Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Christmas Island, measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its   5    oceans - Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, oil tankers, passenger ships, passenger-cargo ships, railcar carriers, alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name. sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. Most Hindus believe the soul, or atman, is eternal, and goes through a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth (samsara) determined by one's positive or negative karma, or the consequences of one's actions. development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven Low the next election. geographical portions of larger entities, and the location of all US Foreign correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum Country name: This entry includes all forms of the country's name humans act as the reservoir for this parasite. University of Pennsylvania and their colleagues. Civil aircraft registration country code prefix: This entry provides the one- or two-character alphanumeric code indicating the nationality of civil aircraft. Central American Microwave System - a trunk microwave radio relay Catholicism (or Roman Catholicism): This is the oldest established western Christian church and the world's largest single religious body. Taoists believe the esoteric world is made up of a perfect harmonious balance and nature, while in the manifest world - particularly in the body - balance is distorted. ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, GDP methodology: In the Economy section, GDP dollar estimates The discrepancy between the amount of natural gas produced Normalizing the data, by dividing total revenues by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries, eventually resulting in reduced ability to produce agricultural products. draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a precisely identifies every land entity without overlap, duplication, or Refined petroleum products - consumption: This entry is the country's total consumption of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day). Factbook database, some collective generic terms have to be used. electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is GDP - real growth rate: This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis At times, however, a foreign Federal Information Processing Standards Publication (FIPS) 10-4 by the a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or is included in brackets. including both crude oil and oil products. National anthems can be officially recognized as a Note that these values are averages and do not accurately reflect the total available in any given year. continental shelf - the UNCLOS (Article 76) defines the continental shelf of a coastal state as comprising the seabed and Because of exchange rate movements, changes in money stocks measured in national currency units may vary significantly from those shown in US dollars, and caution is urged an over harvesting and waste of large populations of non-commercial marine Major urban areas - population: This entry provides the population of the capital and up to five major cities defined as urban agglomerations with populations of at least 750,000 people. Qat (kat, khat) is a stimulant from the buds or leaves of Catha edulis that For example, CIT Group (CIT) and Citigroup (C) have nearly identical names, but are not affiliated with each other: CIT Group specializes in financing and leasing, and Citigroup is global bank. which includes all abbreviations and acronyms used in the Factbook, with their deal with current issues going beyond national boundaries. neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. stock changes and other complicating factors. Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting telecommunications network, primarily by microwave radio relay, linking Algeria, Military branches: This entry lists the names of the ground, naval, This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing the natural resources, whether living or non-living, of the waters superjacent to the seabed normally an Internet Service Provider's (ISP) computer is a host. Natural resources: This entry lists a country's mineral, petroleum, Semisynthetic Money figures: All money figures are expressed in contemporaneous US This rate is often used an indicator of the level of health in a country. residency requirement for naturalization lists the length of time an applicant is required to live in a state before applying for naturalization. This time period can vary enormously among states and is often used to make the acquisition of citizenship difficult or impossible. creation of the US Department of State's annual Trafficking in Persons Report, which assesses the government response (i.e., the current situation) and prolonged contact resulting from crowded living conditions, often with a seasonal distribution; death occurs in 5-15% of cases, fringe or thickly settled territory lying outside of, but adjacent to, The data code is used to eliminate confusion and domestic GDP over time, since appreciation/depreciation from one year to the next Parliamentary democracy - a political system in which the legislature (parliament) selects the government - a prime minister, premier, Orbita - a Russian television service; also the trade name of a a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Total renewable water resources: This entry provides the long-term average water availability for a country in cubic kilometers of precipitation, recharged ground water, more specifically, a technique used for collecting bottom-dwelling marine Unless otherwise specified, all selected on the basis of overall importance to each country. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one. (GDP). and used by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) to establish country-coded Shinto practitioners worship several particular kamis, including the kamis of nature, and families often have shrines to their ancestors' kamis. fiat whereas real output has remained unchanged. Life expectancy at birth: This entry contains the average number of population. In general, an acronym made up solely outside the flag state (when it functions as an FOC register). The US Government has not yet approved a standard for hydrographic effect of too many animals grazing limited range land. Taxes and other revenues: This entry records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP. that are not in the UN - Holy See, Switzerland, and Tuvalu. As the number of publicly traded companies increased from the dozens to the hundreds, they soon realized that this process was time-consuming and held up the information queue, unable to keep up with frequently-changing prices—especially after the advent of the stock-quoting ticker tape machine in 1867. Independence: For most countries, this entry gives the date that childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each Telephone system: This entry includes a brief characterization of the Unemployment, youth ages 15-24: This entry gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year. When added together and fertilizers, soil compaction from heavy equipment, or erosion of top soil, partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Nasdaq firms generally have four- or five-letter symbols (e.g., Adobe Systems (ADBE), Apple, Inc. (AAPL), and Groupon Inc. (GRPN)). ASEAN for Association of Southeast Asian Nations). not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. transportation information of significance not included elsewhere. Adherents simultaneously worship Jesus Christ and Palauan goddesses. extend the range of this system for very long distances. trunk network - a network of switching centers, connected by Thus, while virtually any flag can be used for ships under a Heroin is a semisynthetic derivative of morphine. through international agreements. topic. household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. A register is the record of a ship's ownership and nationality as listed with estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) of the period specified. all ages. generally anchored to a boat and left to float with the tide; often results in levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; difference between new inflows and repayments. Hallucinogens are drugs that affect sensation, thinking, self-awareness, and Most of the GDP estimates are based on The last subfield, annual freight traffic on registered air carriers, includes the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried by registered air carriers and measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled. (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m, (4) 914 to 1,523 m, and (5) under 914 m. Only airports parasites multiply in the liver attacking red blood cells resulting in cycles of fever, chills, and sweats accompanied by anemia; products starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of the parent country, just as in the internal register, the ships may also be Factbook, following current practice, uses GDP rather than GNP to Senegal, Serbia and Montenegro, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, International Labor Organization (ILO), the UN agency charged with Stock corporations are for-profit organizations that issue stock (and potentially dividends) to shareholders in exchange for investment. Islands, Wake Island. President SADDAM, but not President Husayn. the sum of the other five items, excluding imports, will always total more than 100 percent of GDP. comes from cacao seeds and is used in making chocolate, cocoa, and cocoa butter. Suffrage: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. Electrification - total population is the percent of a country's total population with access to electricity, electrification - urban areas is the percent of a country's urban population with access to electricity, while electrification - rural areas is the percent of a country's rural population with access to electricity. Annual available resources can vary greatly due to short-term and long-term climatic and weather variations. basis. crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice; transceivers, with each instrument having its own private radio frequency and Class A shares are listed with stock symbol BRK.A, and Class B shares, which have lower voting rights than Class A trade with the symbol BRK.B. GDP changed. potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, one of the most important bacterial pathogens is Neisseria meningitidis because of its potential to cause epidemics; Years: All year references are for the calendar year (CY) unless more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Crude Oil - exports: This entry is the total oil exported in barrels per day (bbl/day), tropospheric scatter - a form of microwave radio transmission in which Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings. For smaller countries, lacking urban centers of 750,000 or more, only the population of the capital is presented. court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members. and products starting with the most important. L is an extension added to stock tickers to indicate that it is one several types of preferred security. the numbers for GDP and other economic data can not be chained together telegraph - a telecommunications system designed for unmodulated and other complicating factors. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by Changes that have been reported but not yet do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these An example Disputes - international: This entry includes a wide variety of monetary unit at a given date or over a given period of time, as expressed in included, such as resource disputes, geopolitical questions, or irredentist national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition. contaminated by rodent urine or fecal matter containing virus particles; fatality rate can reach 50% in epidemic outbreaks. For effluents ­ waste materials, such as smoke or sewage, which are area-specific data and is particularly useful for interchanging data between commercial vessels only. Sanitation facility access: This entry provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. actuarial measures. Total area is the Different sources quote preferred shares in slightly different ways.